DAFNE uses the 4 Cs framework developed by the Worldwide Initiatives for Grantmakers Support (WINGS).  Although still under development, the four categories – Capacity, Capability, Connections, and Credibility provide the basis for assessment of the effectiveness of our work.  Below you will find the difference being made with updated practical examples as they emerge.  We encourage our members to consider adopting this framework in order that infrastructure support organizations can better share and learn from each other.


Building resources

Foundation representatives noted how services provided by infrastructure organizations help generate money and other resources for the field. These services range from training on fundraising and information on fund sources, to providing references and other linkages to sources of money. Through building this kind of capacity, infrastructure organizations can play an important role in changing the culture of giving within societies.





Building skills, knowledge and expertise

National associations play a critical role in developing the professional capability of their member organizations in order that they use their resources effectively. DAFNE has helped national associations learn from each other how best to provide such services to members, through learning exchanges, thematic interest groups, and the building of a knowledge hub of resources ranging from Codes of Good Governance through to data on the foundation sector.


Building relationships

DAFNE works to maintain a favourable legal and fiscal environment for philanthropy, thus maximizing the resources available for donors and foundations.  In addition DAFNE supports associations in their role to help generate money and other resources for their members.  Methods and ideas on fundraising and the promotion of a culture of giving have been exchanged amongst DAFNE members having a direct impact on financial capacity.





 Building reputation, recognition and influence

DAFNE provides a collective voice for Foundations at European level, and strengthens representation at national level, thus raising the profile and contributing to the reputation, recognition and influence of Foundations amongst governments and civil society across Europe.   Cross border exchange around thematic issues has helped inform policy and practice and improved the effectiveness of foundations.